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How to Prune Fig Trees

The exotic appearance and ornamental value of fig trees make them popular for gardeners living in the tropical zone, including warmer temperate regions. Fig trees cannot survive in colder weather conditions unless they are grown in containers as house plants. These fast-growing deciduous shrubs or trees produce fleshy fruits with a sweet, rich flavor, making them seem like they're difficult to grow. However, they're just as easy to maintain as any other fruit trees! Learning how to prune your fig trees will make this task effortless, without leaving much harm to the plant. 

Basic Pruning Tips for Fig Trees

1. Determine when to prune

During the first winter after you plant your fig tree, make sure to cut back 50% of the whole foliage and leave four to six branches to develop as fruiting wood, and help the plant establish effective roots.

The safest time for you to prune your fig trees after they are established is during their dormancy, to avoid disease-causing bacteria that may enter through the pruning cut. They're usually dormant during the winter season and this is noticeable once they start dropping their leaves.

Remember to prune every year and be consistent with how you prune.

2. Prune the correct branches

Start by removing dead, diseased, or discolored wood.

Next, remove some of the secondary branches, those limbs that are growing off your main branches, pointing inwards, horizontally, or growing at less than a 45 degree angle from the branches of your fruiting wood, as these canes will grow weakly because of their angle. Also, cut branches that cross or rub against each other.

Remove suckers growing from the base of your plant, including new branches as they tend to compete with the branches of your fruiting wood for resources and valuable nutrients. You'd want your tree to put more energy to the remaining fruiting wood so make sure to cut back main branches by one-third to one-quarter.

Supplies You'll Need When Pruning

1. Gloves

Gloves are necessary not only for pruning, but for gardening in general. They serve a valuable purpose—protecting the hands from sap, that can cause irritation or allergic reactions to some, and from any objects that can harm its user.

2. Garden Shears/Tree Pruner

Bypass pruning shears works best when cutting smaller or lighter fig tree branches. Other garden scissors like the ClassicPRO tree pruner have features such as non-stick coating and sap groove, so you won't have to worry about sap.

3. Loppers

For branches that garden shears can no longer handle, tree trimmers or loppers will get the job done. With a cutting capacity of up to two inches thick, loppers are perfect when cutting back fig trees. Furthermore, a tree trimmer with blade protection against rust and corrosion such as the PowerPRO will let you prune your fig trees for a long time without the need to replace or buy a new pair every pruning season.

The whole idea behind Haus & Garten’s PRO series pruning tools is to help all types of gardeners prune their fig trees without any difficulty.

Greg Schultz started this company to produce high-quality gardening tools. As someone who has been in the industry for years, Greg understands the needs, demands, and struggles experienced by home and professional gardeners.

"It's not just you who is doing the job when it comes to gardening," Greg says. "Your tools play a huge part. They do most of the job, and your main task is to figure out the best one to use."

With this in mind, Greg produced the PRO range of pruning tools to help gardeners effortlessly and comfortably perform their gardening tasks, specifically when pruning.

The Haus & Garten gardening hand tools are some of the finest tools available in the market today. With the PRO series pruning tools, any gardener can finally have a professional-grade companion that they can use for seasons to come. The high-quality Japanese stainless steel makes up the blades of these tools to make them sharp and durable. For clean and precise cuts of thinner or thicker branches, the adjustable system does the trick. Furthermore, a protective titanium coating fights against rust and corrosion to keep the longevity of the garden shears' blades. The ergonomically engineered handles help users enjoy a more comfortable pruning experience, even during extended hours of pruning.

On the other hand, our tree trimmer, PowerPRO, allows users to tackle branches that are thick and beyond reach.

So if you are looking for a tool to use for intensive day-to-day pruning, heavy-duty use, detailed precision work, or added strength and leverage, there is a tool engineered for your needs. At Haus & Garten, we also have a money-back guarantee, so you have nothing to lose. We're sure you’ll love our PRO series pruning tools, like many others who have used our products for years!



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The Choice for the Toughest Gardening Challenges, These Pruners are Made for Hard Use, Whilst Still Delivering Smooth, Precise Cutting Action That's Easy on Your Hands.

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Ergonomically Designed For Optimum Comfort And Shaped To Neutralize Wrist Bending, Ideal For Regular And Day-To-Day Pruning.

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Compact Size Pruner Built For Smaller To Medium Hands! Easy To Use, Lightweight, Versatile Pruner Designed For Lighter Pruning Work, A Solid Compact Tool For Faster & More Efficient Pruning.

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Compound Action Bypass Loppers Designed To Provide 3X More Power Than Traditional Ones, Built With Long Handles For Added Leverage, Ideal For Tougher Branches.